Pregnancy, Childbirth & Related Disabilities

Prohibited sex discrimination and harassment in both the employment and educational contexts includes pregnancy or child birth-related discriminatory decision-making; disparate treatment compared to other similarly-situated persons; or unwelcome verbal or physical conduct based on pregnancy or childbirth when the conduct is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive to:

  1. Unreasonably interfere with the individual’s work or educational performance;
  2. Create an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working and/or learning environment; or
  3. Unreasonably interfere with or limits one’s ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program or activity.

Note that pregnancy alone is not a disability. A pregnant woman is entitled to work or participate in any University program/activity as long as she is able to perform the essential functions of the job or the program/activity. Where pregnancy or related condition(s) substantially limits one or more of a woman’s major life activities, the woman must be treated in the same manner as other applicants, employees or participants with a qualifying disability.  For information concerning parental leave for both women and men at UGA, consult with your individual department head or human resources representative.

Pregnant Students: Under Title IX of the 1972 federal Education Amendments, pregnant students cannot be excluded from participating in any part of an educational program, including classes, extracurricular activities, athletics and student organizations. Reasonable accommodations must be provided if necessary to allow a pregnant student to continue to participate in the educational program (e.g., different seating arrangements, more frequent restroom breaks, temporary access to elevators, etc.). Participation in any program or class specifically designed for pregnant students must be voluntary on the part of the student and the program or class must be comparable to those offered to other students.  A student’s absences because of pregnancy or childbirth must be excused so long as the student’s doctor deems the absences to be medically necessary.  Any special services or accommodations provided to students who have temporary medical conditions (e.g., at-home tutoring) must also be provided to a pregnant student.  The student must then be allowed to return to the same academic and extracurricular status as before her pregnancy-related medical leave began, including being given the opportunity to make up any work missed.  Medical certification allowing school participation may only be required of a pregnant student or student who has given birth if such certification is required for all students with physical or psychological conditions requiring the attention of a physician.

Types of Discrimination